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Glossary

Halogen bulb:

The halogen light bulb or lamp is a type of incandescent lamp which uses halogen gas in order to increase both light output and rated life. Most car manufacturers today include halogen bulbs as standard equipment on cars due to their moderately high efficiency, quality of light, low cost, and high rated life compared to regular incandescent lamps.

 

HID (high intensity discharge) or Xenon bulb:

HID bulbs in vehicles are enclosed transparent quartz tubes filled with a mix of gases, a tungsten electrode at each end, and a high-voltage electric current passing through to emit light when the gases get stimulated by the current. Despite alternately being called Xenon bulbs, HIDs actually use a metal-halide mix and rely on xenon gas only during start-up. A xenon bulb produces 3000 lumens, while a halogen light generates 1400 lumens, which is why HIDs are preferable to halogens for providing the most amount of light for the least amount of energy.

 

LED (light-emitting diode) bulb:

Instead of gas and filaments, LEDs rely on small diodes that produce light when electric current excites their electrons. They need low amount of power to work but do produce a significant amount of heat on the diode. VehiCode LEDs are made with a cooling system at the bottom of the headlight to keep them from melting while protecting other car components. On the brightness scale, LEDs are brighter than halogen headlights while offering a warmer light than HIDs and providing much more focused rays. LEDs also last much longer, ranging up to 30,000+ hours.

 

Capacitors:

Capacitors are used to solve flickering issues that are very common with LED kits. Light flickering issues arise as a result of the incompatibility of LED bulb replacement.

 

Dual Beam (high/low beam):

All car headlights must have both high and low, or dipped beams. Some achieve this by using one individual bulb integrated with both high and low beam function, it is called Dual Beam.

 

Single Beam:

Other headlight design has two separate bulbs with high beam and low beam function separately, it is called single beam.

 

Lumens (lm):

A measure of the total amount of visible light emitted by a source. Lumens are the raw quantity of light energy given

 

Kelvin (K):

A measure of the color temperature. Typically, 3000K amber, 6000K pure white, 8000K cool blue.

 

COB:

Chip on Board (COB) is one of LED technologies and uses chips with multiple diodes (typically 9, or more). It comes as a high powered chip in direct contact with a printed circuit board optimal thermal management.

 

ETI Flip Chips:

ETI FC(Flip-Chip) LED is a new patented technology by mounting the LED diode upside down compare to the present day COB LED production. Flip-chip not only shortens the production process, but also significantly reduce thermal resistance and result in higher heat dissipation rate than in the traditional golden wire bonding COB LED. Meanwhile, FC LED’s smaller and square design makes its light beam more focused.

 

Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM):

An OEM is a term used when one company makes a part or subsystem that is used in another company's end product. An OEM may be a company that is a subcontractor or an authorized distributor of a vehicle manufacturer. An OEM part would be generally be a vehicle part that comes as standard equipment on a vehicle due to this arrangement.

 

Plug-and-Play:

A phrase used to describe devices that work as soon as they are connected. In electronic applications, the computer automatically recognizes the device, loads new drivers for the hardware if needed, and begins to work with the newly connected device.

 

All-in-One:

Combining two or more items or functions in a single unit. Regarding one unit of LED headlight bulb, it means ballast (or called drivers), fan and other components are well combined into one single unit

 

IP67 or IP68:

IP plus number are used to define levels of sealing effectiveness of electrical enclosures against intrusion from foreign bodies (tools, dirt etc) and moisture.

IP 67 Enclosures - IP rated as "dust tight" and protected against immersion.

IP 68 Enclosures - IP rated as "dust tight" and protected against complete, continuous submersion in water..

 

CANBUS or CAN (controller area network) bus:

A CAN (controller area network) bus (a communication system that transfers data between components inside a computer) or CANBUS is designed to allow microcontrollers and devices to communicate with each other in applications without a host computer. It was designed originally for automotive applications, but is also used in many other contexts. Modern automobiles may have as many as 70 electronic control units (ECU) for various subsystems. Some of these form independent subsystems, but communications among others are essential. The CAN standard was devised to fill this need.